Naachiyar Thirumozhi Part 50

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“Oh Cuckoo! It appears that you are very preoccupied with the humming bees that are buzzing about after drinking the sweet nectar of the fragrant flowers in the garden.  I am not going to allow you to be distracted by this silly act of yours.  Pay close attention to what I say!  I am caught in the web and entrapped in my  love for the parrot-hued Sridharan the Lord of Shree” (also known as Mahalakshmi.)

Here Kodhai Naachiar indicates pASam, which can mean both love and net, meaning that she is entrapped (agappaTTu) in His love or she is lovesick with Sridharan. She is forlorn with love that she calls it a sickness debilitating her and disabling her from even walking.  “I am stuck and trapped in Manivannan Vaasudevan’s enchanting beauty.” Says Andaal to the bird.

The cuckoo, with great levity,  answers back without concern for her condition and her suffering saying ” what is that I can do if you are forlon with love for the Lord?!  Did you call me to say this?!”  Saying this it once again diverted its attention to the buzzing bees.

Seeing the cuckoo’s indifference Kodhai Nachiar gets angry and warns the bird saying “if you want to reside in this garden, with me taking care of you, you better not ignore my requests.  If I cease to exist who will take care of you?!  If you desire to live a happy life in this garden, you need to do one of two things.  Either call out to the Lord who holds the “Discus” in His right hand and the “Conch” in His left to come here, or bring me back my golden bangles.”

Andaal lost her golden bangles, because she became too emaciated due to the separation of her Lord.  If the bangles have to fit her hands, Emperumaan has to be with her, which once again means that the Lord has to come to her.  It is like saying either I want the sweet Mango or the delicious ripe Mango.  Andaal’s brilliant requests will lead to the same result ultimately.

Just like the faithful wife of Satyavan, the loving and loyal Savithri, who got her husband’s life back from Yama the God of death, by asking him to bless her with many children through Satyavan.  Yama gave her the boon that she so cleverly requested and hence had to give back her husband’s life.

Similarly asking for either the Lord of the Conch and the Discus or for the golden bangles to fit her, Kodhai Nachiar will accomplish her inner most desires, which is to unite with the Lord.

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam _/\_

Om Namo Narayanaya!!!

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Nachiaar Thirumozhi Part 49

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The first two lines of this pasuram explain Bhagavan’s valor in the battlefield and his gentle love in his quaters with Thaayaar.  Just by lifting and stringing his bow “The Saarngam” His enemies would run helter skelter afraid to get His wrath. He is extremely skilled in weilding His bow and vanquishing His enemies.  At the same time he is so gentle, loving and caring when He is intimate with Shri Mahalakshmi.  “If that Lord decides to come to me, then no obstacles in His path can deter Him from doing so.  He will single handedly destroy all the obstacles, just to join and unite with me” says Andaal.

“We know each other so well, and share intimate secrets. I exactly know what He thinks and He knows my most intimate thoughts.  Nobody else can understand our bond and understanding, we are ideal for each other” says Kodhai Nachiaar.  When they meet and unite they both tell each other that they cannot exist without the other, such is their love and deep devotion to each other.  “Let all this not be just words oh cuckoo bird, let this love and devotion show through in action, for which I need your help!!  You need to do your duty by calling out to Him, reminding Him that I am eagerly awaiting His arrival” says Andaal to the cuckoo.

“Not understanding my misery, my yearning to unite with my Lord, you just seem to be interested in eating the sweet mangoes, taking care of your hunger and satisfying your palate.  Do you think that is the sole purpose of your life?!  Don’t you feel the need to unite me with my Lord, the Love of my life?!” Says Andaal to the cuckoo, for which the cuckoo immediately obliges and asks Kodhai Nachiaar what it can do to help her out.  Andaal instructs the cukoo to sing and call out to the Lord, to join and unite with Her, stating that it would be a great help if the bird did so and that she will be ever grateful to the bird for its timely help.

The cuckoo being an opportunist, asks Andaal how would it benefit out of this help that it would be doing to her.  Andaal replies ” you bring Him here and then you can watch what I do to Him.  He has made me wallow in anxiety, pain and misery by separating from me, I will teach Him a lesson as soon as He sees me here.  Isn’t that a big pay off to you?!  What else do you need in your life other than watching that scene?! Asks Andaal to the bird.

What would she do to Him?!  Is she going hit and kick Him?!  Is she going to abuse Him with cruel words?!  No.  That is not her intention.  When He comes to see her, she is going to turn away from Him and ignore Him completely.  It would be a fitting punishment.  It would be like preparing the most exquisite feast for a starving man and then not allow him to eat.  The Lord draws all His energy by looking at the lovely face of His consort and this she would deny Him for abandoning her.  Andaal instructs the cuckoo to call out to Bhagavan and watch what unfolds after He comes to her!!

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam _/\_

Om Namo Narayanaya!!!

Nachiaar Thirumozhi Part – 48

 Pasuram 551

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Am Kuyile  –  Beautiful Cuckoo

Pongiya pARkadal –  the waves of the milky ocean

PaLLi koLvAnai –  the Lord who lies on the ocean

PuNarvadhu –  longing to embrace

en Kongai – my chest

kiLarndhu kumaittu –  heaves with excitement

Aviyai – my life

Maraindu uRaivu – hidden from plain sight

Azhiyum Sangum oN tha dum – with the discus, conch and mace in His hands

 

Ordinarily the ocean rises and swells on a full moon day!!  Maybe the milky ocean (Thirupaarkadal) has seen 10 moons, here the Lords toes and their beautiful nails are compared to the moons.  If the  moon which received Lord Narayana’s coolness has such an effect on the sea, then what would the milky ocean be like to see Sriman Narayana everyday permanently.  It experiences ultimate bliss.

Andaal longs to embrace the lord who sleeps in the Milky ocean. Her chest heaves and throbs with yearning and longing to unite with the lord.  Since Sriman Narayana does not come to embrace her, she laments about her bad luck stating that since she used to permanently reside in His chest, in her previous incarnation, she thinks that she is in this precarious situation and chides Him that His bad luck has affected the rest of His clan and especially her.

She asks the cuckoo bird  which seems to be in hiding from the garden, if it is hiding for the fear of getting her wrath.  She asks the bird if it would call out to her Lord who holds the conch, discus and the mace always ready with all these weapons to protect His devotees.

Kodhai Nachiar appeals to the goodness of the cuckoo bird stating that if it calls out to the lord, informing Him of her situation, her desire to unite with Him, then the cuckoo would accrue Punyam and would have done its  dhaarmic duty.

Andaal wonders if the cuckoo is in hiding because it is concerned about it’s health and beauty and has no sympathy for her condition and her longing.  She appeals to the cuckoo to help her out and earn her everlasting gratitude.

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam. _/\_

Om Namo Narayanaya!!

Nachiaar Thirumozhi Part 47 (In English)

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Nachiaar Thirumozhi – 47  Pasuram – 550

Decad  – 5. Song  – 6

 

ettiSaiyum aamarar paNindu Ettum

iruDIkESan vali Seyya

muttanna veN muRuval Seyya vAyum

mulaiyum azhagazhindEn nAn

kottalar kAvil maNit taDam kaN paDai

koLLum iLam kuyilE! en

tattuvanai varak kUgiRRiyAgil

talai allAl kaimmARu ilEnE

 

amarar – Devas

iruDIkEsan – Rishikeshan – leader of sages

muttanna – like the pearl

VeN muRuval – pearly white smile

kottalar – bunches of flowers

kAvil – in the garden

kUgiRRiyAgil – if you call out

 

Shukacharya was the son of Shri Veda Vyasa.  As soon as he got initiated with the Upanayanam and Brahmopadesam, he became a great seer. Moreover Sage Narada also had imparted the great knowledge of Brahmam to Shukacharya.

He was known as Shukabrahmam after he gained the complete knowledge of Brahmam.  One day Shukabrahmam left his father’s house to do penance, in the forest.  Notwithstanding his absence,  Sage Veda Vyasa ventured into the forest calling out to him.  The flora and the fauna of the forest answered Veda Vyasa’s call.  That is when Veda Vyasa realized that Shukabrahmam is omnipresent.

Shukabrahmam was a notch better than his father in doing penance and gaining knowledge.

Once both father and son were walking by a river where there were Deva kannikas who were taking a bath.  When Shukabrahmam passed by they did not think about it twice but when Veda Vyasa passed by they tried cover themselves with clothes. Veda Vyasa taken aback by this act of the Devakannikas, asked them why they reacted the way they did, given the fact that he is very old and his son is so young.

The Deva kannikas replied saying that in the eyes of Shukabrahmam everybody is Brahmam, however in the eyes of Veda Vyasa he had the knowledge of man and the form of woman, which forced them to become aware of their state, causing embarrassment .

It is because of this that Andaal sends Shukabrahmam as her messenger in the form of a parrot to Lord Ranganatha.  After this at the request of Shukabrahmam Andaal holds him as a parrot in her left hand.

Devas almost have the same powers as the Gods.  Even the powerful and mighty Devas surrendered to the Paramatma. Great seers and sages like the sage Shukabrahmam were extremely devoted to The Lord

When one can see, hear, smell, talk, taste and experience, we call that learning through senses.  This knowledge of experiencing something through our senses is present in Devas and as well as all the living creatures.  This is called Pragnyaanam per the Rig Veda.

Parabrahmam (Sriman Narayana) who  is omnipresent  is also present in everyone of us.  This is precisely the reason why Yajur Veda says “Aham Brahmasmi”

That which does not have a form or a name, that which existed before creation, that which still exists, is called “it” known as “Thath”

“Thath” is understood in a broad sense as the force that is all pervasive, omnipotent and omnipresent God that rules the universe. It is present in both lifeless and life forms.  It cannot be separated from anything.

That which is beyond the perception of our senses and our body, that which is our true nature, that which is present within us is called “Tvam”

In a broad sense ” Tvam ” might seem to mean our five senses, our mind and intellect, but in actuality it is the life force within us.

That which describes the word “Thath” and that which describes the word “Tvam” are both the same.  To depict this  Sama Veda says “Thath Tvam Asi”

Everyone of us have the knowledge of “I” which represents the ego.

This atma that is present in our body, and the all pervasive force which is called the Brahmam are the same per the Atharva Veda which says “Ayam Atma Brahma”

When She (Andaal) was in Sri Vaikuntam as Bhoomi Piratti, She had the knowledge of all these concepts and would be always smiling, always youthful, and was always enthusiastic, however now that She has incarnated as Andaal on this earth She has lost the knowledge of Brahmam, longs and yearns for Her Krishna, suffers separation anxiety,  does not smile, loses all her attractive qualities as a woman.

Though Krishna knows exactly how She feels, He does not sympathize and unite with Her, instead He seems to enjoy wearing beautiful clothes and garlands which makes the already Handsome Krishna even more majestic and irresistible.  The enchanting Kannan appears and disappears intermittently giving Her much grief.

Just like Parandhama who sleeps in the milky ocean amidst the Devas, so is  the cuckoo bird that sleeps amidst the bunches and bunches of flowers in the garden.

She fears that it must be a juvenile cuckoo bird as it does not realize how forlorn and lovesick Kodhai is who is suffering from the separation of Her Lord Ranganatha.

She promises to give Her head to the cuckoo bird if it would call out to The Lord on Her behalf.

Unlike the general mass that go to temples to tonsure their heads and to discard their egos or so act as though they have the greatest devotion unto Him, Kodhai Nachiaar promises to give up Her head (metaphor for ego) and join the Parandhaman in eternal bliss.

Without the head the body cannot function, but Andaal is prepared to sacrifice Her head to prove Her unwavering love and Her pure devotion towards the Lord.

 

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam …_/\_…

Om Namo Narayanaya!!

English translation contributed by Jayashree Srinivasan.

 

 

Nachiaar Thirumozhi Part – 46 (In English)

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Nachiaar Thirumozhi – 46 Pasuram – 549

Decad – 5 Song – 5

men-NaDai nanam parandhu viLaiyADum

villiputtUr uRaivAn tan

ponnaDi kANbadOr ASaiyinAl en

poru kayal KaN iNai tunjA

in-aDiSiloDu pAl amudu UTTi

eDutta en kOlak kiLiyai

unnoDu tOzhamai koLLuvan kuyilE!

ulagaLandAn varak kUvAi

men NaDai – a stroll

parandhu – widespread

poru – compatible

kayal – fish

kaN iNai – both eyes

tunjA – refuses to fall sleep

in aDisil – tasty hot cooked rice (aDu = hot, sil = rice)

pAl amudu – Payasam (rice cooked in milk)

Several centuries ago, Srivilliputhur, the city that was known as Varaha Sthala, had quite a few forests and woods. In one such forest lived the hunter brothers Villi and KaNdan.

One day, as usual the hunters went for their hunt. KaNdan was however, devoured by a tiger that he was trying to hunt. Unaware of this incident Villi was searching for his younger brother all over the forest. Having searched for his younger brother in all forests, Villi becomes exhausted and falls asleep under a tree in the forest. The Lord Varaha Murthy appears in Villi’s dream and explains to him that a tiger had killed his brother KaNdan.

Lord Varaha Explains that He has incarnated to kill Kaalanemi ( an Asura who is born as Kamsa in the next birth ). The Lord says He has incarnated as Vatapathra Sayee, to relieve His devotees from the vicious cycle of birth, death and re-birth.

Vatam means banyan tree…pathram means leaf… During the cataclysmic deluge The Lord appears on a banyan leaf to save His devotees and Andaal says that He is Lord Krishna, who resides in Srivilliputhur.

In Her previous incarnation of Bhoomi Thaayaar, The Lord saved Her from the nefarious Rakshasa, who had hid her under an ocean, similarly to save Her from the sea of sorrow, He has incarnated as Lord Krishna, the Vatapathra Sayee, thinks Kodhai Nachiar!

Per Varaha PerumaL’s wish, Villi the hunter built a new town, which came to be known as Srivilliputhur (puthur = new town)

Swans that are called Hamsa Pakshis in Tamizh, are seldom found in Tamizh Nadu. They live in snow capped mountains of Himalayas. The Kings of those days used to bring these swans to keep in their palaces. The Swans have the ability to separate milk from water. If they are fed milk that has been diluted with water they would just drink the milk and leave the water out. Similarly the Kings are supposed to discard all malice and protect the people’s interest.

Just like the swans, Andaal feels that She too was brought down to earth from the milky ocean also called Srivaikuntam. She too like the swans sees only the good in people and discards the bad.

Srivilliputhur is blessed with a lot of these swans…In Rama Avatar since Rama had traveled long distances by foot in search of Sita after Her abduction by Ravana, Andaal thinks that in Krishna Avatar He is taking a well deserved rest as Vatapathra Sayee, waiting for Her. Oh! How She wishes that She can worship His feet.

A certain freshwater fish, called Kayal, do not eat other fish. Instead they consume insects and moss that cause damage and destruction to crops. These kayals are constantly busy jumping and playing in the water.

Kodhai Nachiar akins Her eyes to the Kayal fish, which are constantly moving searching for Krishna.

Though She is the divine consort of Mahavishnu, since She has taken a human form, Andaal has similar feelings like a woman and dearly misses, yearns and longs for Her Krishna. She is forlorn with separation anxiety.

However Krishna who resides in Srivilliputhur, allows people to become seasoned in their thinking, by making them realize that they should be detached from worldly happenings, and be focused on attaining Him, and thereby attaining liberation and salvation.

Since Kodhai was emaciated and did not even have the strength to speak, She sends her well trained Green Parrot to Krishna as Her messenger. Her parrot would repeat the exact same words to Krishna that She wants to be conveyed. She used to feed “Paal Paayasam” (rice cooked in milk and sugar) to the parrot…She fed the parrot her own emotions.

However the cuckoo bird that lives in the garden, eats whatever it wants, and sings whatevwr it wants, unlike the trained parrot. She explains her each and every emotion to the cuckoo bird so it can accurately convey the message to Krishna. But now that She is extremely weak, She is unable to train the cuckoo. She ccontemplates on introducing the parrot to the cuckoo so it can teach and train the cuckoo.

Kodhai is always attracted to the Vamana-Thrivikrama avatar. This is because The Lord measures all worlds equally, the upper world, the nether world and the universe. He did not wait for anyone to change, He accepted people as they were. Kodhai had also trained her parrot to say the name of Thrivikrama.

She introduces the parrot to the cuckoo so the cuckoo can learn to call out to The Lord saying the right things…She wants the cuckoo to convey to Her Lord to come rescue her from misery, so She could be united with Him and worship His feet…

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam …_/\_…

Om Namo Narayanaya!!

English translation contributed by Jayashree Srinivasan

Nachiaar Thirumozhi – 45 (In English)

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Nachiaar Thirumozhi – 45   Pasuram – 548

Decad – 5  Song – 4

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enbu =  bones

ina vEl neDum kaNgal = beautiful spear shaped eyes, exclusive to the female species

pukku =  enter

pon purai mEni = a person whose skin is a dazzling golden color

A garden filled with many flowering shrubs and plants produce different variety of flowers that open up and spread their fragrance in the air.  The shrubs and flowers are drenched in the dew. The buzzing bees and ladybugs pollinate the flowers and enrich the forests and gardens.  The cuckoo birds are happy with their mates in the tree cavities.

However, Kodhai Nachiaar does not enjoy all this prolific beauty surrounding Her, instead She longs for Her lover Krishna and is saddened and worn out due to His absence.

Kodhai is forlorn and lovesick, unable to tolerate Krishna’s absence. She is not able to eat or sleep and thinks of Kannan constantly.  Without food and sleep, The fair maiden loses her complexion and healthy appearance and starts to look dark and  emaciated.

Usually, when proper medications are taken most diseases are cured, however the only treatment for a lovesick person is the proximity of their lover.  Lovers who are in true deep  love, that are separated from each other feel the immense pain of this disease.

Missing Lord Krishna immensely, Andaal does not eat or sleep for several days and feels very weak.  Her eyes dry up, Her beautiful golden complexion is now reduced to a dark and a unhealthy tone.

radha-rani

Kodhai thinks that the cuckoo bird can understand Her forlorn misery, since the dark bird calls out for its mate, like She does to Her Narayana.

“PiNikku marundhu Piraman  Aniyizhai thannoikuth thaane marundhu” says Thiruvalluvar meaning the remedy for a disease is always something different from it, but for a lady that is lovesick, she is her own cure.

In the holy text of Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says, if a person is able to be detached with the worldly things and focus their attention solely on Krishna the Paramatma, then they are absolved from the vicious cycle of birth, death and rebirth and is granted salvation.

Andaal states that both Her disease and Her cure is Sri Krishna.  In Sri Vaikuntam, the Thiruparkadal (milky ocean) She was in a happy state since She was with Her husband, Lord Krishna…but now that She has incarnated on earth, separated from Her sweetheart, She pray to The Lord that He should come to Her rescue, to save Her from Her miseries.

She reminds Him that in birds, that He (Krishna) is Garuda, just like He is Lord Rama in archers…

In Paramapadam,the selfless Nityasuris perform relentless service to The Lord and the second best among them is Garuda. In the Koorma avatar when the milky ocean was churned, the great Mandhara mountain was used to churn the ocean.  Per Mahavishnu’s order, Garuda bore the mountain on his back and placed it on the milky ocean to serve as the whisk. Garuda is fearless, Garuda took the sweet nectar from the milky ocean to relieve his mother from slavery and bondage.  Even Indra the god of the Devas was unable to stop Garuda. He flapped his wings so fast that Indra swooned and fell to the ground.  Recognizing his valor and courage Lord Sriman Narayana gave him the honor of being the emblem of His flag.  That is why it was considered auspicious to see Garuda, and sighting Garuda was considered as a cure for diseases and also to regain and retrieve lost articles.

Garuda understands the urgency of The Lord to save His devotees from miseries and evil doers…he is ever ready to serve as the vehicle for Mahavishnu to swiftly reach the devotees. The pure hearted  Lord honors the selfless Garuda by giving a special place in His flag (on His chariot).

The lord does not have birth or death, He does not experience misery or sadness, He is not measurable and He is limitless…

Kodhai Nachiaar prays that Her Krishna should arrive swiftly on His vehicle Garuda to come and take Her with Him. She hopes that She would once again regain Her golden complexion and be Her vibrant self.

She is eagerly awaiting the arrival of Her cure, Her lover lord Krishna.  She requests the cuckoo bird to call out to The Lord to come on His vehicle Shri Garudazhvar.  She hopes that He would come fast to relieve Her of Her misery, that was caused by the separation from The Lord.

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam …_/\_…

Om Namo Narayanaya!!

English translation contributed by Jayashree Srinivasan.

Nachiaar Thirumozhi Part – 44 (In English)

rama

Nachiaar Thirumozhi – 44  Pasuram – 547

Decad – 5  Song – 3

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Mathali – Indra’s Charioteer

kOl –  the whip that is used to guide horses that pull the chariots

saramAri – shower of arrows

pOdhu – flower bud

alar – blossoms

kA – garden

nAra – fragrance wafting through the air

kAmaram –  Raga

In Ramayana During the Yuddha Kand, the Devas assembled to watch the battle between Lord Rama and Ravana.  While Ravana fights from his magnificent  chariot, Lord Rama fights standing on the ground.  Devendran (Indra; the leader of Devas) decided to send his charioteer Matali along with his chariot to Lord Rama.  Indra’s chariot had pedigree horses pulling the chariot, the chariot itself was made of Gold, with beautiful artwork and precious gems embedded into it. It had thousands of bells, it shone like the sun and on the tip was a silver flag.  The chariot of Indra’s was majestic so exquisitely beautiful.

Lord Rama mounted the chariot and was ready to go to the war front for the sake of world peace, to protect His satvik devotees, Devas, and sages, to vanquish the evil and to establish Dharma.

Most often Indra fought battles due to his ego.  During these times, he has made judgement errors and evidently was defeated many a times.  Matali to escape from such embarrassing situations, would run the chariot in reverse, retreating from the scene.

However, this time, it is Lord Rama that is fighting the battle.  He does not indulge in frivolous wars, battles, duels and fights. He would declare war only as the last resort, after giving diplomacy a try, when He has lost His friends, when His devotees pray to Him to intervene and save them from evil doers.

Matali’s chariot never retreated the battlefield this time, since Lord Rama fought a straightforward war so valiantly.

The deceitful Ravana plotted an evil plan and abducted Sita (Bhudevi’s manifestation, just like Andal)  in the guise of a pious sage.  Angered by his heinous act, Lord Rama during the duel showers him with arrows.  He shot all his ten heads over and over again and killed Ravana, by destroying the main head.

The different stages of a flower are :

porivandu

First and foremost – a tight bud

Drenched in dew –  a bud swell

Soaked Dewy pearls  – early tip

Ready to burst – bud break

Opened up -early bloom

Fragrance filling the air – full bloom

Complete Blosomming – flower

When ready for pollination – petal bloom

Bunch of flowers – clusters

When they start to die – wilt

Fallen flowers – petal fall

When they die – Withered

When buds start to blossom the first fragrance of the flower is intoxicating.  Attracted by the scent of the flowers lady bugs start to visit the flowers.

Red and black or yellow and black lady bugs are a boon to the garden.  They eat the bugs that destroy plants and flowers. The buzzing sound of the busy lady bugs is akin to auspicious sounds…so thinks Andaal, since the lady bugs eliminate the garden destroying bugs.

Though Kodhai is in such a beautiful garden, due to her separation from Krishna, She is melancholic and unable to appreciate its beauty, however the cuckoo bird seems to care less about Her plight, and is enjoying his time with his mate, Andaal seems to be jealous of the cuckoo bird.

Just like how Sita (separated from lord Rama) was in a sad, pensive state of mind in the Ashoka gardens in Sri Lanka, similarly Andaal is longing and yearning for Krishna and is saddened by the fact that He is not coming to get Her. Whereas Rama fought a battle to rescue Sita from the evil Ravana.

Lord Rama is personification of integrity.  He always goes in the path of righteousness.  He would always follow the rules of Dharma sashtras. Whereas Lord Krishna is a gem of a God.

The Ruby is a very strong beautiful gem.  Similarly lord Krishna removes obstacles of His devotees with strength, courage and valor.  He will justify His actions to protect His devotees. He creates His own rules for the game He plays.

Not withstanding the separation from Krishna, Kodhai Nachiaar requests the cuckoo bird to call out to Her Gem, Her Ruby, Her Husband, her Lover Sri Krishna…

Andaal Thiruvadigalae Sharanam …_/\_…

Om Namo Narayanaya!!

English translation contributed by Jayashree Srinivasan.